(Hair, blubber, and flippers all keep animals warm in icy water.)3. Washington, DC 20036, National Geographic Society is a 501 (c)(3) organization. When comparing a sea lion vs. seal you can spot the difference a few ways, one of which is the lack or presence of an ear. 4. Some of the worlds are: Planet Earth, Under The Sea, Inventions, Seasons, Circus, Transports and ...Continue reading ‘Seals and sea lions’ » Steller males are massive, the largest of the eared seals, weighing in at 1,200 lbs (0.5 metric ton) or greater. 1145 17th Street NW Distribute the worksheet and have students identify similarities.Give each student a copy of the worksheet Seals and Sea Lions: Compare and Contrast. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited. She or he will best know the preferred format. This activity targets the following skills: The resources are also available at the top of the page. Males are massive, weighing up to 8,500 lbs. When seals and sea lions share our shores, we need to give them space, especially mothers with pups. When sea lions swim, they propel themselves through the water using their front flippers. Ask students to predict which of these marine mammals could move most easily on land (sea lions). When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource. Sea lions and fur seals have external ears that protrude from their heads. Fur seals are occasionally seen off the RNSP coastline farther out to sea, however, they do not come ashore here, and breed in the far northern Pacific. Sea lions are also known as fur seals and seals with ears are known as true seals. Seals and sea lions are both mammals. It's not like a sea lion doesn't have its own impressive set of jaws, not to mention they hunt penguins as well. So, unlike fur seals and sea lions, the true seals … Ask students to think of an example of two animals that look similar but belong to different families. Start learning with a free trial at https://skl.sh/tierzoo7Check out Mike's video here! There may be a small breeding colony of Stellers using near shore rocks in RNSP. They are actually different animal families under the order “pinniped,” which means “fin-footed” in Latin. Fur seals and sea lions are also known as eared seals. As horrible as it is, but one really easy way to tell them apart comes to us courtesy of the Discovery Channel. Fur seals, actually in the sea lion group, having extremely long hind flippers. 1111 Second Street The California Sea Lion as pictured […] The breakdown of these families looks something like this: In and around Redwood National and State Parks, the most commonly seen eared seal is the California sea lion (Zalophus californianus). (3,855.5 kilograms). Introduce the concept of classification.Discuss why scientists classify animals into different groups. Have students use the National Geographic Animals site to research what California sea lions eat, where they find food, and how they eat it. Seals also are suited to spend more time in the water than sea lions, which can "walk" on shore with their large flippers and spend time in large social groups. They usually have a streamlined barrel shape and four flippers at the end of each limb. Pinnipeds are further distributed into the Odobenidae family, which is the walrus; the Otariidae family, which includes eared seals, sea lions, and fur seals; and the Phocidae family, which is the earless seals. How can sea lions and fur seals be told apart from these true seals? Seals and sea lions are mostly fish-eaters, although most of the species also eat squid, mollusks, crustaceans, marine worms, sea birds, and other seals. Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) were once abundant and commonly seen at Point Lobos as recently as the 1950’s. It is classified as earless pinnipeds and is closely related to sea lion and walrus. It is precisely these extremities that differentiate them from sea lions. Pinnipeds are a widely distributed and diverse group of fin-footed semiaquatic marine mammals. Looking at the photos of sea lions vs. fur seals, can you find any other ways to tell them apart? “Seals” is actually a generalized name for all pinnipeds. The seals are classified as earless pennipeds while the sea lions are classified as eared pennipeds. Unlike other sea-lions, the species only breeds every 17-18 months, with Seal Bay on Kangaroo Island supporting the third largest colony of Australian Sea-lions with a population of around 1,000. They can rotate under the sea lion's body and support it, enabling the sea lion to "walk" with the flippers on land. Seals were tagged as earless since they do not have ear flaps. Then ask them to compare how each animal uses its flippers on land and in water. But after a thorough inspection, you may know the difference between sea lion vs seal.However, the differences are not very notable, but a good comparison between sea lion vs seal will show you the apparent differences. Seals are smaller than sea lions; male Stellar sea lions can grow to be up to 2,200 pounds. Pinnipeds divide their time between near shore terrestrial habitats and the ocean. Most of the California sea lions in RNSP are adult and subadult males that migrate north after the breeding season in southern California. This curated collection for learners in grades 3-5 can be implemented at home with minimal supplies and includes engaging, fun, and skill-building lessons in social studies, geography, science, and more. Elephant seals, on the other hand, are uniformly tan colored all over, and seen only rarely within the parks. Join our community of educators and receive the latest information on National Geographic's resources for you and your students. Seals, on the other hand, have no external ear flap but instead have ear holes. Christina Riska Simmons, Mary C. Cahill, Middle School Science Coordinator, The Potomac School, McLean, VA, Special thanks to the National Geographic Museum, adapted from National Geographic “Crittercam Educator Activities”. Seals swim using the sculling movement of their hind flippers. The word 'pinniped' means 'fin foot', as the four legs of seals, sea-lions and walrus have developed into flippers to better suit their life in the water. Seals and sea lions share adaptations for living in the sea—including blubber, flippers, and streamlined bodies. Discuss how this movement relates to the animals' vulnerability to predators like polar bears and sharks. Seals vs Sea Lions. Program. There are many places along Oregon's 363-mile coastline where you can see seals or sea lions in their natural setting and some can be seen in developed harbor areas as well. The other resident eared seal is the Steller, or Northern, sea lion (Eumetopias jubata), a federally threatened species. If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. Seals and sea lions share adaptations for living in the sea—including blubber, flippers, and streamlined bodies. CodyCross is a famous newly released game which is developed by Fanatee. Tell them they can confirm or revise their predictions as they watch a video.5. Show them the photo gallery of harbor seals, leopard seals, and California sea lions.2. The group of marine mammals consisting of seals, sea lions, and walruses is known as the Pinnipeds, (from "pinna" meaning "feather" + "pes" meaning "foot" = "feather-footed"). Seals, on the other hand, build speed with their rear flippers and by moving their lower body side-to-side in a sculling motion. Tell students that the science of classifying organisms into different groups is taxonomy. Despite the similarities of outward appearance, true seals and sea lions have some noticeable differences, due to convergent evolution. Sustainability Policy |  This lists the logos of programs or partners of NG Education which have provided or contributed the content on this page. But seals and sea lions belong to different families. Seals, sea lions, and walruses are all in the order Carnivora and suborder Pinnipedia, thus they are called “pinnipeds.” Pinnipeds are mammals that are well-adapted for swimming. 1. Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. Kim Hulse, National Geographic Society Gray seals clock in at about 14-23 mph. As per the classification of Pinnipeds, there are two types of seals: fur seals and true seals. National Geographic Headquarters This causes differences between the two in locomotion when on land: seals move forward by caterpillar-like hitching movements; sea lions use their hind legs to walk or even gallop across land. Males measure about 20 feet long (6 meters), while females are about half as long. One must travel somewhere else along the California coast to see a spectacular adult male elephant seal, with its long proboscis, or nose, for which the species is named. When discussing the difference between the seal vs. sea lion we can find five main differences that have to do with their anatomy and character traits. Ask them how they would explain how to tell seals and sea lions apart to someone who has never seen either. This causes differences between the two in locomotion when on land: seals move forward by caterpillar-like hitching movements; sea lions use their hind legs to walk or even gallop across land. Seals vs Sea Lions Both seals and sea lions, together with the walrus, are pinnipeds, which means “fin-footed” in Latin. All rights reserved. The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. Taxonomic discussions tend to be a bit muddled as scientists strive to classify all the different species on the planet. Difference Between Seal and Sea Lion Classification. Put your skills to the test and come visit the seals and sea lions at the Aquarium! Privacy Notice |  At first glance, they may look fairly similar. The sea lion's hind flippers are stronger and more flexible. Seal is a member of the Phocidae family. These two amazing creatures are larger than grizzly bears and are some of the top marine predators. Sea lions also have a more rounded snout whereas the fur seal has a more pointed nose. Phocidae species can be called earless seals. Sea lions have visible small external ears. For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. Seals are marine mammals called pinnipeds of the family of phocids, very adapted to aquatic life, although they can also live brief periods on land. True seals are termed "earless" because they lack an external ear flap, whereas in "eared" seals or sea lions an external ear flap is visible. Students use observation skills to determine taxonomic differences between seals and sea lions. Kristen Dell, National Geographic Society, Sheryl Hasegawa, National Geographic Society They are uniformly dark brown and vocalize with the notable sea lion "bark". Have students write a paragraph summarizing the information they find. Sea lions belong to family Otariidae. Code of Ethics. If you can tell the sea lions apart, you’ve reached expert level in seal identification. True seals are also known as earless seals, or simply "seals". Although they feed in the sea, they surface for air. Have students compare the two drawings and list at least two features that seals and sea lions share. You cannot download interactives. If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media. Telling the Difference Between a Seal vs Sea Lion Before where, you should understand who these creatures are that we're talking about. These animals may be seen hauled out on off shore rocks, and occasionally on sandy beaches. Seals vs. Sea Lions. Seals lack an external ear flap whereas sea lions have an external ear flap that is visible. Watch and discuss the video.Show students the video of leopard seals. In and around RNSP, there are two seal species to be found, the harbor seal (Phoca vitulina), and northern elephant seal (Mirounga angustirotris). Manner of Swimming. They are just to big, and what could a bit from a leopard seal really do to a sea lion which is covered in blubber and such a massive creature. Many people confuse seals and sea lions as they share many similarities. Sea-lions can also be seen on the way out to Bremer Canyon, where Orcas area also prevelant. They are animals that lack an auditory pinna or ears and with rear ends facing back, which serve to swim. (907.18 kg). Seals and sea lions are both mammals. © 1996 - 2020 National Geographic Society. Taxonomy enables scientists to make sense of the millions of kinds of living things and see how they are related. Seals and sea lions do have common characteristics, hence they are somewhat the same, but some characteristics are unique and you can distinguish between them easily. Find out Seals and sea lions Answers. This is why scientists refer to species in the family Otariidae as eared seals. Seals have little holes on their head, and lacks a pinnae. Fur seals are eared seals and belong to family Otariidae. Crescent City, CA The first difference between the seals and sea lions that we will discuss is the shape of their bodies and front fore flippers. The sea lion has a visual external pinnae that looks more like a tiny dog ear. Jan 31, 2012 - Explore Nancy Reilly's board "Seals And Sea Lions ", followed by 587 people on Pinterest. Seals have shorter front flippers; sea lions have longer front flippers.) California sea lions are the "trained seal" of marine parks and circuses. Seals vs. Sea Lions. Seals and sea lions are actually called fin-footed animals or pinnipedia. Firstly, seals and sea lions have completely different ears. Besides, when swimming, the seal mainly uses the hind flippers as thrusters; the sea lion swims with its front fins, with hind flippers acting as rudders. They return to land to give birth and nurse their young. Terms of Service |  Harbor seals come in a variety of colors from almost pure white to mottled gray or brown, but usually some form of color patterning is visible. Sea lions’ flippers have no hair or claws so that they can more easily grip the surface of rocks, and many of their mating areas are on rocky terrain. 11 Jul, 2018 Seals and sea lions are found in many of America’s national marine sanctuaries. Steller sea lions have golden-colored fur with darker extremities, and instead of the "bark" of the California sea lion, Stellers vocalize by growling or "bellowing". But … Steller Sea Lions. Being at home is a great time to learn. Sea lions can reach speeds of 25-30 mph! 1. Females are much smaller, but still weigh more than a car at 2,000 lbs. (50 t… Usually there's only one subadult animal at a time hauled out on a sandy beach undergoing its annual molt. animal with hair that gives birth to live offspring. Seals do not have external ears. Although they feed in the sea, they surface for air. Have students identify differences.Have students find at least two features that differ in seals and sea lions. Seals and sea lions are members of the pinniped family and the Oregon Coast is home to Harbor Seals, Steller Sea Lions, California Sea Lions and Northern Elephant Seals, some of which can be seen year-round. First, check for ears. They return to land to give birth and nurse their young. Fur seals, actually in the sea lion group, having extremely long hind flippers. (Possible answers: Seals do not have ear openings; sea lions do. Females are much smaller. Each world has more than 20 groups with 5 puzzles each. Female mammals produce milk to feed their offspring. Discuss how these features relate to swimming in cold water. Exactly how fast can seals and sea lions swim? What Are the Differences Between Seals and Sea Lions? This lists the logos of programs or partners of, National Geographic Animals: California Sea Lion, explain why scientists classify animals into different groups, identify the similarities and differences between seals and sea lions, describe how the similarities help the animals to swim in cold water, Tech Setup: 1 computer per classroom, Projector, Speakers. Noticing the differences between a Sea Lion and a Harbor Seal: First off, let’s talk about those good looks. There are other, somewhat subtle, differences between the front flippers of the two groups, but the hind flipper differences are noticeable. In seals, the hind flippers extend directly behind the body, and are not capable of rotation unlike the hind flippers of sea lions that are longer and may be rotated toward the front of the body. They are often seen bobbing in the surf, checking out the shoreline. Harbor seals are quite common and may be seen lounging on flat-topped near shore rocks, or hauled out sandy beaches, primarily around the Redwood Creek estuary. Both types of seals, sea lions and walruses are all considered to be in the suborder Pinnipedia, which is usually translated as \"fin-footed\" or \"feather-footed.\" Pinnipeds (within the order Carnivora) consist of three families. They are warm-blooded marine mammals that could live both in water and on land. Dr. Mike Heithaus and others try to tranquillize a lion. Sea lions can only dive as deep as 450m, but dives further than 200 are uncommon, and they can’t store as much oxygen in their lungs as seals can. It has many crosswords divided into different worlds and groups. Sea lions and seals live with dolphins and otters as sea lovers attracting people to beaches and aquariums. There are 18 species of true seals, according to Seals World. Seals belong to family Phocidae. 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